By Quentin Lewis
This e-book probes the materiality of development in early 19th century rural Massachusetts. development was once a metaphor for human intervention within the dramatic adjustments happening to the English talking international within the 18th and 19th centuries as a part of a transition to commercial capitalism. The that means of development vacillated among rules of financial revenue and human betterment, yet in perform, development depended on a extensive assemblage of fabric issues and areas for coherence and enaction.
Utilizing archaeological information from the house of a filthy rich farmer in rural Western Massachusetts, in addition to an research of early Republican agricultural guides, this publication indicates how Improvement’s dual meanings of revenue and betterment opened up erratically throughout early 19th century New England. the development circulate in Massachusetts emerged at a time of significant social instability, and served to ameliorate starting to be tensions among city and rural socioeconomic existence via a explanation of house. along this explanation, development additionally served to reshape rural landscapes in accordance with the social and financial techniques of a modernizing worldwide capitalism. however the contradictions inherent in such techniques spurred and buttressed wealth inequality, ecological misery, and social dislocation.
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Additional info for An Archaeology of Improvement in Rural Massachusetts: Landscapes of Profit and Betterment at the Dawn of the 19th century
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Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. Garrison, J. R. (1996). Remaking the barnyard: The archaeology of farm outbuildings in the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts, 1770-1870. In L. A. De Cunzo & B. L. ), Historical Archaeology and the Study of American Culture (pp. 359–394). Wintherthur, DE: The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum. St. George, R. B. (1985). Artifacts of regional consciousness in the Connecticut River Valley, 1700-1780. In G. W. R. West & J. W. N. ), The great river: Art and society of the Connecticut Valley, 1635-1820 (pp.
8). These medieval enclosure origins were grafted onto scientiﬁc enlightenment discourses in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The interest in farming using scientiﬁc techniques emerged within elite discourses that favored experimentation, inquiry, and the sharing of knowledge (Tarlow 2007, p. 36). The growth of books, periodicals, and other publications related to agriculture increased dramatically in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, as did the rise of agricultural societies, begin- Improvement as Proﬁt 35 ning with the Society for the Improving of Knowledge in Agriculture in Edinburgh in 1723 (Zilberstein 2008, p.
An Archaeology of Improvement in Rural Massachusetts: Landscapes of Profit and Betterment at the Dawn of the 19th century by Quentin Lewis